Municipal Bonds in Developing Countries. Case Study: Municipality of Stip, Republic of Macedonia

Marija GOGOVA SAMONIKOV, Elena VESELINOVA, Ilija GRUEVSKI, Risto FOTOV, Risto BINOVSKI

Abstract


The developing countries, especially in the Balkans, barely use the municipal bonds as an alternative way of financing their activities. This paper is part of the project “The municipal bonds as an alternative source of financing municipals activities and the effective management of funds, with a special emphasis to the Municipality of Stip, R. Macedonia”. The paper has an important impact, according to both academic and practical perspective. It combines the experts’ academic analysis with the municipals potential in order to facilitate a successful municipal bond emission that would support the local economic growth. The purpose of this paper is to investigate the ability and willingness of the Municipality of Stip to issue municipal bonds. The main hypothesis states that the Municipality of Stip is able to issue a municipal bond as an alternative way of financing its investment activities. The research includes the classical SWOT analysis regarding the Municipality of Stip and continues with a statistical analysis based on correlation and regression relationships within the accounts of the Municipality’s annual reports.  The methodological framework is based on quantitative research methods (correlations and regression methods) which result in acceptance of the main hypothesis in the paper - the municipal bonds as an alternative source for funding municipal’s activities are justified, especially if the funds are associated with a specific revenue-generating project. The findings would serve as a basis for the municipal bonds prospect, which would be the ultimate goal of combining the academic knowledge with the practical potential of the Municipality of Stip. The conclusions reveal that this would be the first municipal bond emission in the Republic of Macedonia. However, this fact can serve as an advantage in the market in terms of introducing financial instrument innovation. This paper suggests that the usage of municipal bonds is far away from a risky activity, especially if the funds are invested in revenue-generating projects. Municipal bonds can be a less expensive source of funds for the municipal’s projects, rather than different forms of domestic or foreign borrowings. In this way, municipalities can use this financial instrument to initiate and support local economic growth


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References


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