Knowledge Management in the BRICS

Eduardo TOME

Abstract


The purpose of this paper is to make sense of the situation of Knowledge Management in the BRICS countries: Brazil, Russia, India, China, and South Africa. The question is important because we believe that in the current world economy the emergence of any country will be done first and foremost by using knowledge and by managing knowledge. Using an analogy from the Human Resources national studies we believe there are low, medium and high equilibria regarding the knowledge economy. We analyze the five BRICS according to the following methodology:  1 Context background; 2 Broad KM systems; 3 Institutional actors; 4 Political contexts; 5. KM systems at the national level; 6. Organizational KM; 7. Impact; and 8. Summary.  We concluded that KM is a good investment for the BRICS, but it is still a very rare one. South Africa stands a cut above the other countries being benefited by the smaller dimension and the relations with the Western UK, and the USA led investments; also the fact that the regime change happened when the Knowledge economy was beginning, helped. China, Russia, India, and Brazil are four giants that will emerge stronger and faster the more and the better they will use KM. So as implications, we expect a bright future of KM in the 21st century, as bright as the BRICS future! The BRICS emergence will only be consolidated by KM. and KM will dominate the world with the BRICS emergence. The study is only the first step in what could be a major field of research, and that its limitation and suggestion for research.


Full Text:

PDF

References


Andreeva, T., and Kianto, A. (2012). Does knowledge management really matter? Linking knowledge management practices, competitiveness and economic performance. Journal of Knowledge Management, 16(4), 617-636.

Ashton, D., and Green, F. (1996). Education, Training and the Global Economy. Cambridge, UK: Edward Elgar.

Cegarra Navarro, J.G., and Moya, R.B. (2005). Business performance management and unlearning process. Knowledge Process and Management, 12(3), 161-170.

Chawla, D., and Joshi, H. (2011). Impact of Knowledge Management on Learning Organization Practices in India: An Exploratory Analysis. Learning Organization, 18(6), 501-510.

Edwards, J.S. (2011). A process view of knowledge management : it ain't want you do, it's the way that you do it. Electronic journal of knowledge management, 9(4), 297-306.

Ferraresi, A., Santos, S., Frega, J., and Pereira, J. (2012). Knowledge management, market orientation, innovativeness and organizational outcomes: a study on companies operating in Brazil. Journal of Information Systems and Technology Management, 9(1), 89-108.

Kianto, A. (2008). Assessing Knowledge Renewal Capabilities. International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development, 1(2), 115-129.

Kianto, A., Andreeva, T., and Shi, X. (2011). Knowledge management across the globe – An international survey of KM awareness, spending, practices and performance. In Lehner, F., and Bredl, K. (Eds.), Proceedings of the European Conference on Knowledge Management (pp.514-523). Reading: ACPI.

Malhan, I.V., ‎ and Rao, S.K. (2008). Perspectives on Knowledge Management. Lanham: Scarecrow Press.

Maurer, H. (1999). The Heart of the Problem: Knowledge Management and Knowledge Transfer. In Rämö, E. (Ed.), Proceedings of ENABLE99: Enabling Network-Based Learning (pp.8-17). Helsinki: Vanta Institute of Technology.

Mehrotra, S., Raman, R., Kumra, N, Kalaiyarasan, A., and Röß, D. (2014). Vocational Education and Training Reform in India Business Needs in India and Lessons to be Learned from Germany. Retrieved from https://www.bertelsmann-stiftung.de/fileadmin/files/BSt/Publikationen/GrauePublikationen/GP_Vocational_Education_and_Training_Reform_in_India.pdf.

Milano, M.C.D., Giostri, E.C., and Hatakeyama, K. (2015). Practices of Knowledge Management analysis in companies located in Brazil, Retrieved from http://www.iamot2015.com/2015proceedings/documents/P168.pdf.

Nonaka, I., and Takeuchi, H. (1995). The Knowledge-Creating Company. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

O’Neill, J. (2001). Building Better Global Economic BRICs. Retrieved on February 13, 2015 from https://www.goldmansachs.com/insights/archive/archive-pdfs/build-better-brics.pdf.

Peng, J., Li‐Hua, R., and Moffett, S. (2007). Trend of knowledge management in China: challenges and opportunities. Journal of Technology Management in China, 2(3), 198-211.

Pillania, R. (2006). State-of-Art of Knowledge Storage and Access in Indian Industry. Journal of Information & Knowledge Management, 5(1), 55-61.

Plessis, M. (2007). The role of knowledge management in innovation. Journal of Knowledge Management, 11(4), 20-29.

Polyani, M. (1966). The Tacit Dimension. London: Routledge.

Tomé, E. (2004). Intellectual capital, social policy, economic development, and the world evolution. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 5(4), 648-665.

Tomé, E. (2008). The Hidden Face of Intellectual Capital: Social Policies. Journal of Intellectual Capital, 9(3), 499-518.

Tomé, E. (2011a). HRD in the 21st century Knowledge based and Services driven economy: An Introduction. Journal of European Industrial Training, 35(6), 524-539.

Tomé, E. (2011b). Intellectual Capital Reporting: Conceptual Study with Application to the Portuguese Case. International Journal of Learning and Intellectual Capital, 8(4), 436-458.

Tomé, E. (2012). Knowledge Management. In Wilson, J.P. (Ed.), International Human Resource Development: Learning, Education and Training for Individuals and Organizations (pp.93-112). London: Kogan Page.

Tomé, E. (2016). Human Resource Development in Southern Europe. In Garavan, T. McCarthy, A., and Morley, M. (Eds.), Global Human Resource Development: Regional and Country Perspectives (pp.368-390). London: Routledge.

Tomé, E., and Goyal, A. (2015). Human Capital, HRD and VET: The case of India. European Journal of Training and Development, 39(7), 586-609.

Tong, J. and Mitra, A. (2009). Chinese cultural influences on knowledge management practice. Journal of Knowledge Management, 13(2), 49-62.

World Bank (2014). Economy & Growth. Retrieved from https://data.worldbank.org/topic/economy-and-growth.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Management Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© Faculty of Management (SNSPA)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under CC BY-NC

The opinions expressed in the papers published are the authors’ own and do not necessarily express the views of the editors of this journal. The authors assume all responsibility for the ideas expressed in the materials published.

ISSN 2392-8042 (online)