Challenging the Status Quo: Steel Producer Case Study on the Enterprise Value for M&A

Mădălina Viorica MANU, Vlad BRĂTĂȘANU, Ilie VASILE

Abstract


The purpose of this paper is to analyze the enterprise value determinants, in order to help the interested parties make correct (investment) decisions by studying industry cases of mergers and acquisitions (M&A). In order to understand and identify value-adding opportunities for the companies, the paper investigates a divestiture within a major international steel group. The research questions refer to the understanding of the relationship between the enterprise value and market capitalization of the selected companies acting in the steelmaking field, including other factors such as the revenue, EBITDA, EPS or ownership structure. In order to understand how the enterprise value is determined, we have analyzed relevant theories, including Tobin’s Quotient (Q) for a company/ aggregate corporation, for the study of the relationship between the market value and its replacement value. If used empirically, Tobin’s q helps avoid issues of estimating shareholders’ risk-adjusted required return by the market prices. However, Q is not (yet) used in practice in the valuations of companies, because of the lack of the necessary input data. Besides using the graphical visualization of the share price, we have used the datasets available for several years on the value of several mature steel producing companies, market capitalization, and other indicators. The methodology also includes Market Comparable method and own spreadsheet calculations. After analyzing the evolution of the share price for the global steelmaking leader (ArcelorMittal), between 2009 and 2018, we have not identified any growth potential; the market value of ArcelorMittal is a proxy for the market value of its assets.


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