Knowledge Management and Politics at the Highest Level: An Exploratory Analysis

Eduardo TOMÉ, Paula FIGUEIREDO

Abstract


This paper analyses Knowledge Management (KM) as a political activity, made by the great political leaders of the world. We try to examine if at the macro political level KM is made, and how. The research is interesting because given that we live in a Knowledge Society, in the Information Era, it is more or less obvious that the political leaders should also do KM. However we don’t know of any previous study on KM and world leaders and this paper wants to be a first step to fill that gap. As a methodology we use literature review: given this one is a first preliminary study we use data we found online and in databases like EBSCO. We divide the analysis in two main parts: theoretical ideas, and application. In the theoretical part we aim at distinguishing KM as made by managers from KM made by politicians. The second part is itself divided in two segments: the past and the present times; in the second segment we illustrate our ideas with the example of President Barack Obama. We observe, rather surprisingly, how much it has been over-looked by scholars; KM always was and nowadays is pervasive in the activity of the world political leaders. Furthermore, the importance of KM made by world political leaders is so great that it should prompt the making of detailed studies in order to improve the world governance. The study has the limitation of relying on documents, insights and texts, and not on interviews. It should be followed by studies of a more qualitative and participative nature. We believe it would be very interesting to make such studies and that they would help improving the democracies in the 21st century and beyond.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Allahawiah, S., and Alsaraireh, M. (2014). The benefits of Knowledge Management and e-government in raising citizen engagement – Jordan case study. Economics, Management & Financial Markets, 9(1), 213-222.

Andreeva, T., and Kianto, A. (2012). Does knowledge management really matter? Linking knowledge management practices, competitiveness and economic performance. Journal of Knowledge Management, 16(4), 617-636.

Assefa, H., Egziabher, T., Sehai, E., and Tegegne, A. (2011). Agricultural Knowledge Management in Dairy Production Improvement: The Case of Bure Woreda, West Gojjam Zone, Amhara Region. IUP Journal of Agricultural Economics, 8(4), 30-40.

Bass, B.M. (1997). Does the Transactional – Transformational Leadership Paradigm Transcend Organizational and National Boundaries?. American Psychologist, 52(2), 130.

Bass, B.M., and Avolio, B.J. (1993). Transformational leadership: A response to critiques. In M.M. Chemers and R. Ayman (Eds.), Leadership theory and research: Perspectives and directions (pp. 49-80). San Diego, CA: Academic Press.

Bounfour, A., and Edvinsson, L. (2005). Intellectual capital for communities – nations, regions, and cities. Oxford: Butterworth-Heinemann.

Boyatzis, R.E., Smith, M.L., and Blaize, N. (2006). Developing Sustainable Leaders through Coaching and Compassion. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 5(1), 8-24.

Brătianu, C., and Orzea, I. (2013). Knowledge Strategies in Using Social Networks. Management Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy, 1(1), 25-38.

do Canto Cavalheiro, G., and Joia, L, (2014). Towards a heuristic frame for transferring e-government technology. Government Information Quarterly, 31(1), 195-220.

Coad, A. (2011). Appropriate business strategy for leaders and laggards. Industrial & Corporate Change. 20(4), 1049-1079.

Cavaliere, V., and Lombardi, S. (2013). The Distinctiveness of Knowledge Sharing Processes within Multinational Companies. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Management & Organizational Learning (pp. 82-90). Washington, DC: ICICKM.

Cegarra Navarro, J.G., and Rodrigo Moya B. (2005). Business performance management and unlearning process. Knowledge Process and Management, 12(3), 161-170.

Cegarra-Navarro, J.G., and Sánchez-Polo, M.T. (2010). Implementing telemedicine through eListening in hospital-in-the-home units. International Journal of Information Management, 30(6), 552–558.

Dai, G., and De Meuse, K. (2013). Human Performance. Types of Leaders across the Organizational Hierarchy: A Person-Centered Approach. Human Performance, 26(1), 150-170.

Drucker, P. (1957). Landmarks of Tomorrow. New York: Harper & Row.

European Commission (2014). Glossary: Comitology. Retrieved from http://europa.eu/legislation_summaries/glossary/comitology_en.htm.

Ferguson, S., Burford, S., and Kennedy, M. (2013). Divergent Approaches to Knowledge and Innovation in the Public Sector. International Journal of Public Administration, 36(3), 168-179.

Ferreira, J., Neves, J., Abreu, P., and Caetano, A. (1996). Psicossociologia das Organizações. Lisboa: McGraw Hill.

Figueiredo, P. (2013). Planning and developing leadership within the organization. Organizational Cultures: An International Journal, 12(3), 31-48.

Fraser, J., Adams, N., and Macintosh, A. (2014). Knowledge Management Applied to E-government Services: The Use of an Ontology Knowledge Management in Electronic Government Lecture Notes in Computer Science, 2645(2003), 116-126.

George, B., Sims, P., McLean, A., and Mayer, D. (2007). Discovering Your Authentic Leadership. Harvard Business Review, 85(2), 1-19.

Goleman, D., Boyatzis, R., and McKee, A. (2001). Primal Leadership : The Hidden Driver of Great Performance. Harvard Business Review, 79(11), 42–51.

Hawkins, J., and Dulewicz, V. (2007) The relationship between performance as a leader and emotional intelligence, intellectual and managerial competences. Journal of General Management, 33(2), 57-78.

Heavin, C., and Adam, F. (2014). From knowledge activities to knowledge scenarios: cases in five Irish software SMEs. International Journal of Management & Enterprise Development, 13(1), 37-61.

Johson, S.K., Garrison, L.L., Hernez Broome, G., Fleenor, J.W., and Steed, J.L. (2012). Academy of Management Learning & Education, 11(4), 555-569.

Katz, D., and Kahn, R. (1978). Psicologia Social das Organizações. São Paulo: Editora Atlas.

Kelsey, H. (1998). Sir Francis Drake, the Queen's Pirate. New Haven, Connecticut: Yale University Press.

Khilji, N., and Roberts, S. (2013). An Exploratory Study of Knowledge Management in the UK Local Government Planning System for Improved Efficiency and Effectiveness. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Management & Organizational Learning (pp. 551-560). Washington, DC: ICICKM.

Kianto, A. (2008). Assessing Knowledge Renewal Capabilities. International Journal of Innovation and Regional Development, 1(2), 115-129.

Lakshman, C. (2009). Organizational knowledge leadership: An empirical examination of knowledge management by top executive leaders. Leadership & Organization Development Journal, 30(4), 338-364.

Lynn, J., and Jay, A. (1989). The Complete Yes Prime Minister. London: BBC Books.

Liu, S., Leat, M., Moizer, J., Megicks, P., and Kasturiratne, D. (2013). A decision-focused knowledge management framework to support collaborative decision making for lean supply chain management. International Journal of Production Research, 51(7), 2123-2137.

Machiavelli, N. (1505). The Prince – Constitution Society. Translated by WK Marriot.

Maurer, H. (1998). Knowledge Management and Knowledge Transfer: Key Issues of the Information Society. IICM papers.

May, M. (2005). Lean Thinking for Knowledge Work. Quality Progress, 38(6), 33-40.

Nonaka, I., and Takeuchi, H. (1995). The knowledge creating company: how Japanese companies create the dynamics of innovation. New York: Oxford University Press.

Polanyi, M. (1966). The Tacit Dimension. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Ragsdell, G. (2013). Voluntary Sector Organisations: Untapped Sources of Lessons for Knowledge Management. In Proceedings of the International Conference on Intellectual Capital, Knowledge Management & Organizational Learning (pp. 349-355). Washington, DC: ICICKM.

Rao, V. (2013). A framework for unified digital government: A case of India. Journal of E-Governance, 36(1), 35-55.

Ritzer, G. (1993). McDonalization of Society. London, UK: Harper Collins.

Roos, D, Womack, J., and Jones, D. (1991). The Machine That Changed the World: The Story of Lean Production. New York: Harper Perennial.

Sternberg, R. (2003). WICS: A Model of Leadership in Organizations. Academy of Management Learning & Education, 2(4), 386-401.

Smith, A. (1977). An Inquiry into the Nature and Causes of the Wealth of Nations. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.

Taylor, F. (2003). The Principles of Scientific Management (1st ed. 1911). London: Routledge.

Tomé, E. (2005). Social aspects in knowledge management and intellectual capital. International Journal of Management Concepts and Philosophy, 1(4), 350-360.

Tomé, E. (2011). Human resource development in the knowledge based and services driven economy. Journal of European Industrial Training, 35(6), 524-539.

Tomé, E. (2012). Knowledge Management. In J.P. Wilson (Ed.), International Human Resource Development: Learning, Education and Training for Individuals and Organizations, 3rd ed. (pp. 93-112). London, UK: Kogan Page.

Torraco, R., and Tuliao, M. (2014). Job Market and Workforce Development: Tracking a Rapidly Moving Target. In Proceedings of AHRD Conference. Houston, USA.

Turner, J., and Müller, R. (2005). The project manager’s leadership style as a success factor on projects: a literature review. Project Management Journal, 36(2) 49–62.

World Bank (2012). KEI and KI indexes. Retrieved from http://info.worldbank.org/etools/kam2/KAM_page5.asp.

World Economic Forum (2014). Annual Meeting. Retrieved from http://www.weforum.org/events/world-economic-forum-annual-meeting-2014.

Youssef, C.M., and Luthans, F. (2012). Positive global leadership. Journal of World Business, 47(4), 539-547.

Zagoršek, H. (2005). National Culture and the usage of transformational leadership practices in six countries. Enterprise in Transition: International Conference Proceedings, 26(2), 150-170.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2015 Management Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© Faculty of Management (SNSPA)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under CC BY-NC

The opinions expressed in the papers published are the authors’ own and do not necessarily express the views of the editors of this journal. The authors assume all responsibility for the ideas expressed in the materials published.

ISSN 2392-8042 (online)