The Role of Romanian Universities in Increasing Graduates’ Employability. Curriculum Management and Development of Competences Required by the Labor Market


  • Lavinia Cornelia BUTUM National University of Political Studies and Public Administration
  • Sergiu Octavian STAN National University of Political Studies and Public Administration
  • Alexandru ZODIERU Cult Market Research


 IT&C instruments have been introduced in teaching and learning in order to facilitate the acquisition of competences and develop abilities for using new media and technologies. They lead to creating the competences which are necessary for a well-trained workforce. The results of a previous study where we wanted to identify the students’ main requests regarding development needs by using new teaching/learning technologies have highlighted the support that students want to receive from universities in finding a workplace. Thus, “84% of students want universities to establish partnerships with private institutions or ask for their support in developing projects in which students could participate as volunteers. 64% of students want the curriculum to be adapted to the employers’ requests and 59% consider it is necessary to include new teach/learn tools in the process of adapting the curriculum” (Butum, Stan & Zodieru, 2015). The present paper develops the idea that students are very demanding with the quality of their studies and they are focusing to obtain “right” skills for the labor market. We want to develop this analysis by approaching the change/adaptation of the curriculum in concordance to the market needs. We also intend to identify the employers’ requests about the young graduates’ competences and abilities and the way the employers perceive the role of universities in building human capital.


ARACIS (2010). Barometrul calitătii -2010. Starea calităţii în învăţământul superior din România [Quality Barometer - 2010. Status of higher education quality in Romania]. Retrieved from

Avis, J. (2007). Education, Policy and Social Justice. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group.

Băloiu, L. (1995). Managementul inovatiei. Viitorul intreprinderii, intreprinderea viitorului [Innovation management. The future of enterprise, the enterprise of the future]. Bucharest: Eficient.

Bell, L., and Stevenson, H. (2006). Educational policy Process, Themes and Impact. Abingdon: Routledge.

Bogdan-Tucicov, A., Chelcea, S., and Golu, M. (1981). Dicţionar de psihologie socială [Social psychology Dictionary]. Bucharest: Ştiinţifică şi Enciclopedică Publishing House.

Brooks, R., and Waters, J. (2011). Students Mobilities, Migration and the Internationalization of Higher Education. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillian.

Butum, L., Stan, S.O., and Zodieru, A. (2015). Development of New Capacities for Research and Teach/Learn Tools in Higher Education, Using the New Financing Funds in Romania, EDULEARN15 Proceedings (pp. 3674-3682), Conference of International Academy of Technology, Education and Development (IATED), Barcelona.

CSOP (2007). Angajatorul roman (public şi privat) şi piaţa forţei de muncă [The Romanian employer - public and private - and the labor market]. Retrieved from

Dimian C., Roman M., and Mureşan L. (2012). Relaţia dintre performanţele sistemului de învătământ şi cerinţele pieţei muncii [The relationship between education system performances and labor market needs]. The Journal of National Institute of Statistics, 6/2012, 46-55

European Commission/EACEA/Eurydice (2014). Modernisation of Higher Education in Europe – Access, retention and employability 2014, Eurydice Report. Luxembourg: Publications Office of the European Union. Retrieved from

Frunzaru, V. (2013). Învăţământul universitar din România. Dialog cu elevi, studenţi şi profesori [Higher education in Romania. Dialogue with pupils, students and teachers]. Bucharest:

Gherguţ, A. (2007). Management general şi strategic în educaţie [General and strategic management in education]. Iaşi: Polirom.

Green, A., Preston, J., and Janmaat, J.G. (2006). Education, equality and Social Cohesion – A comparative Analysis. Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

ICCV (1990-1998, 2003, 2006, 2010). Diagnoza calităţii vieţii [Diagnosis quality of life]. The Romanian Academy - The National Institute of Economics Research – The research institute for quality of life - ICCV, coordinator Mărginean, I.

Korka, M., and Nicolescu, L. (2007). Romania. In P.J. Wells, J. Sadlak, and Vlasceanu, L. (Eds.), The Rising Role and Relevance of Private Higher Education in Europe (pp. 345-383). Bucharest: UNESCO-CEPES.

Matthews, N., Green, P., Hall, D., and Hall I. (2009). The role of Volunteering in Transition from Higher Education to Work. In R. Brooks (Ed.), Transitions from Education to Work New perspectives from Europe and Beyond (pp. 151-152). Basingstoke: Palgrave Macmillan.

Moeglin, P. (2003). Industriile educaţiei şi noile media [The education industry and the new media – in original “L’industrialisation de la formation. État de la question”]. Iaşi: Polirom.

Pro Vocaţie (2013). Cercetare privind identificarea tendinţelor pieţei muncii specifice regiunii vizate in proiect, si a nevoilor de calificare [Research about identifying the tendencies of the labor market and the qualifying needs in the specific region envisaged]. Retrieved from

Rizvi, F. (2007). Internationalization of Curriculum a Critical Perspective. In M. Hayden, J. Levy, and J. Thompson (Eds.), The SAGE Handbook of Research in International Education (pp. 390-402). London: SAGE Publications.

Sălăvăstru, D. (2004). Psihologia educaţiei [Education psychology]. Iaşi: Polirom.

Stevenson, H. (2003). A mânca sau a fi mâncat – Riscul deciziei strategice în managementul modern [Do lunch or be lunch – The power of Predictability in Creating your Future]. Bucharest: Economică Publishing House.

Tobias, A. (2010). Intrarea studenţilor pe piaţa muncii: motivaţii, oportunităţi, dificultăţi [The entering of students in the labor market: motivations, opportunities, difficulties]. Retrieved from

UEFISCDI – CNFIS (2014). Raport public anual – 2013 Starea finantării învătământului superior si măsurile de optimizare ce se impun [Annual report –2013. Status of higher education financing and optimization measures to be taken]. pp. 7-8, 23. Retrieved from

Web sites:




How to Cite

BUTUM, L. C., STAN, S. O., & ZODIERU, A. (2015). The Role of Romanian Universities in Increasing Graduates’ Employability. Curriculum Management and Development of Competences Required by the Labor Market. Management Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy, 3(3), 431. Retrieved from