Intellectual Capital Policy in Universities. Case study: "Lucian Blaga" University of Sibiu, Romania

Mihail Aurel TITU, Alina Bianca POP, Stefan TITU

Abstract


This paper concentrates on the problems about the current state of intellectual property and, especially, on the necessity of the implementation of an intellectual property policy in "Lucian Blaga" University which is a comprehensive University. A case study was carried out in which such a policy was proposed, following the in-depth study on the policies of four Universities from the entire world by making a comparative analysis with the policy that WIPO (Worlds Intellectual Property Organization) has elaborated on as an example. By the work in question, it was intended to reflect the most important aspects that need to be taken into consideration when elaborating on an intellectual property policy: the objectives, purpose, possession is use of intellectual property, the involvement of students and teachers in research and in the spin-out companies, the use of the University resources and facilities, the directorship, the conflicts of interest, the revenue distribution and the procedure for assigning the intellectual property rights.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Al-Ali, N. (2003). Comprehensive intellectual capital management. New York: John Wiley & Sons.

Anderson, T.R., Daim, T.U., and Lovoie, F.F. (2007). Measuring the efficiency of university technology transfer. Technovation, 27, 306–318.

Andriessen, D. (2004). Making sense of intellectual capital: designing a method for the valuation of intangibles. Amsterdam: Elsevier.

Antonelli, C., and Quere, M. (2002). The governance of interactive learning within innovation systems. Urban Studies, 39, 1051-1063.

Archibugi, D., and Iammarino, S. (2002). The globalisation of technological innovation: definition and evidence. Review of International Political Economy, 9, 98-122.

Bratianu, C. (2013). Nonlinear integrators of the organizational intellectual capital. In Fathi, M. (Ed.), Integration of practice-oriented knowledge technology: Trends and perspectives (pp.3-17). Heidelberg: Springer.

Bratianu, C. (2018a). A holistic view of the organizational knowledge dynamics. HOLISTICA Journal of Business and Public Administration, 9(2), 7-22.

Bratianu, C. (2018b). Intellectual capital research and practice: 7 myths and one golden rule. Management & Marketing. Challenges for the Knowledge Society, 13(2), 859-879.

Bratianu, C., and Bejinaru, R. (2017). Knowledge strategies for increasing IC of universities. In Lopez, I.T. and Serrasqueiro, R. (Eds.), Proceedings of the 9th European Conference on Intellectual Capital (pp.34-42). Reading: Academic Conferences and Publishing International.

Bratianu, C., and Orzea, I. (2014). Emotional knowledge: The hidden part of the knowledge iceberg. Management Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy, 2(1), 41-56.

Bunnell, T.G., and Coe, N.M. (2001). Spaces and scales of innovation. Progress in Human Geography, 25, 569-589.

CEC (2004). Innovation in Europe, Iceland and Norway: overview of the third Community Innovation Survey. Luxembourg: Commission of the European Community.

Chapple, W., Lockett, A., Siegel, D.S., and Wright, M. (2005). Assessing the relative performance of U.K. university technology transfer offices: Parametric and non-parametric evidence. Research Policy, 34, 369–384.

Charles, D., and Howells, J. (1992). Technology Transfer in Europe: Public and Private Networks. London: Belhaven Press.

Chesbrough, H., and Crowther, A.K. (2006). Beyond high tech: early adopters of open innovation in other industries. R&D Management, 36(3), 229-236.

Chesbrough, H.W. (2006). Open innovation: a new paradigm for understanding industrial innovation. In Chesbrough, H., Vanhaverbeke, W., and West, J. (Eds.), Open innovation: Researching a new paradigm (pp.1-14). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Cohen, W.M., and Levinthal, D.A. (1990). Absorptive capacity: a new perspective on learning and innovation. Administrative Science Quarterly, 35, 128-152.

Cohen, W.M., Nelson, R. R., and Walsh, J. P. (2002). Links and impacts: the influence of public research on industrial R&D. Management Science, 48, 1-23.

Debackere, K., and Veugelers, R. (2005). The role of academic technology transfer organizations in improving science industry links. Research Policy, 34, 321–342.

Dosi, G. (1988). The nature of the innovative process. In Dosi, G., Freeman, C., Nelson, R., and Soete, L. (Eds.), Technical change and economic theory (pp.221-238). London: Pinter.

DTI (1993). Realising Our Potential: A Strategy for Science, Technology and Engineering. London: Department of Trade and Industry.

Edvinsson, L., and Sullivan, P. (1996). Developing a model for managing intellectual capital. European Management Journal, 14(4), 356-364.

Etzkowitz, H. (2001). The Second Academic Revolution and the Rise of Entrepreneurial Science. IEEE Technology and Society Magazine, 20(2), 18-29.

Etzkowitz, H. (2003). Innovation in Innovation: The triple Helix of University-Industry-Government Relations. Social Science Information, 42(3), 293-337.

Gibbons, M., Limoges, C., Nowotny, H., Schwartman, S., Scott, P., and Trow, M. (1994). The Production of Knowledge: The Dynamics of Science and Research in Contemporary Societies. London: Sage Publications.

Gibson, D. V., and Rogers, E. M. (1994). R&D Collaboration on trial: The microelectronics and computer technology consortium. Boston: Harvard Business School Press.

Hiroyuki, I., and Roehl, T.W. (1987). Mobilizing invisible assets. Boston: Harvard University Press.

Jacobides, M.G., and Winter, S.G. (2003). Capabilities, transaction costs, and evolution: Understanding the institutional structure of production. WP 2003-04, Working Paper of the Reginald H. Jones Center. The Wharton School, University of Pennsylvania.

Lawton, H. (2000). Technology Transfer and Industrial Change in Europe. Basingstoke: Macmillan.

Leonard, D., and Sensiper, S. (1998). The role of tacit knowledge in group innovation. California Management Review, 40(3), 112-132.

Lundvall, B.-A. (1988). Innovation as an interactive process from user producer interaction to national system of innovation. In Dosi, G., Freeman, C., Nelson, R., Silverberg, G., and Soete, L. (Eds.), Technical change and economic theory (pp.349-369). London: Pinter.

Malecki, E. (1997). Technology and economic development: The dynamics of local, regional and national competitiveness. Essex: Longman.

Marglin, S.A. (1990). Loosing touch: the cultural conditions of worker accommodation and resistance. In: Marglin, F.A., and Marglin, D. (Eds.), Dominating knowledge: development, culture, and resistance (pp.217-282). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Mowery, D.C., and Rosenberg, N. (1989). Technology and the pursuit of economic Growth. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Nelson, R. (1988). Institutions supporting technical change in the US. In Dosi, G., Freeman, C., Nelson, R., Silverberg, G., and Soete, L. (Eds.), Technical change and economic theory (pp.312-329). London: Pinter.

Nelson, R., and Rosenberg, N. (1993). Technical innovations and national systems. In Nelson, R. (Ed.). National innovation systems: A comparative analysis (pp.3-27). Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Nelson, R.R. (1959). The simple economics of basic scientific research. The Journal of Political Economy, 67(3), 297-306.

North, D.C. (1990). Institutions, institutional change and economic performance. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

OECD (1999). The Response of Higher Education Institutions to Regional Needs. Paris: OECD.

Office for Harmonization in the Internal Market (2013). European Citizens and Intellectual Property: Perceptions, Awareness and Behaviour. Retrieved from https://oami.europa.eu/ohimportal/documents/11370/ 80606/IP+perception+study

Oinas, P., and Malecki, E.J. (2002). The evolution of technologies in time and space: from national and regional to spatial innovation systems. International Science Review, 25, 102-131.

ORDA (2017). Romanian Copyright Office. Retrieved from https://www.orda.ro.

OSIM (2017). Convention of Paris 1883. Retrieved from http://www.osim.ro/legis/legislatie/marci/conprotin.htm.

Patel, P. (2002). Measuring third stream activities. Final report to the Russell Group of Universities. Retrieved from http://www.clo.cam.ac.uk/final_russell_report.pdf.

Pavitt, K. (1984). Sectorial patterns of technical change: Towards a taxonomy and a theory. Research Policy, 13, 343-373.

Perkmann, M., and Walsh, K. (2007). University-industry relationships and open innovation: Towards a research agenda. International Journal of Management Reviews, 9(4), 259-280.

Porter, M. (1998). Clusters and the new economics of competitiveness. Harvard Business Review, 77, 1-10.

Ricceri, F. (2008). Intellectual capital and knowledge management: Strategic management of knowledge resources. London: Routledge.

Rogers, E.M. (1995). Diffusion of innovations. New York: Free Press.

Rutten, R.P.J.H., Boekema, F.W.M., and Kuijpers, E. (2003). HEIs, regions and the knowledge-based economy. In Rutten, R.P.J.H., Boekema, F.W.M., and Kuijpers, E. (Eds.), Economic geography of higher education (pp.244-252). London: Routledge.

Shapira, P. (2004). US national innovation system. Science, Technology and Innovation Policy Developments. Retrieved from http://cherry.iac.gatech.edu/beta/xoutline/ html.

Spithoven, A., Clarysse, B., and Knockaert, M. (2010). Building absorptive capacity to organise inbound open innovation in traditional industries. Technovation, 30(2), 130-141.

Stewart, T.A. (1997). Intellectual Capital. New York: Doubleday.

Țîțu, M. (2016). Intellectual property policy at "Lucian Blaga" University of Sibiu. Journal of Electrical Engineering, Electronics, Control and Computer Science – JEEECCS, 2(5), 25-30.

Țîțu, M., and Oprean, C. (2015). Management of intangible assets in the context of knowledge based economy. Karlsruhe: LAP Lambert.

Țîțu, M., Oprean, C., Stan, S., and Țîțu, Ș. (2017). The place and role of intellectual property policies in an advanced scientific research and education university. International Conference Knowledge-Based Organization, 23(1), 479-488.

Zawislak, P.A. (l995). RelacSo entre Conhecimento e Desenvolvimento: esséncia do progresso técnico. Análise, 6(1), 125-149.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Management Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© Faculty of Management (SNSPA)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under CC BY-NC

The opinions expressed in the papers published are the authors’ own and do not necessarily express the views of the editors of this journal. The authors assume all responsibility for the ideas expressed in the materials published.

ISSN 2392-8042 (online)