Food Security Management for Indonesia: The Strategy during the Covid-19 Pandemic

Surya DARMA, Dio Caisar DARMA


Food security is very important and is also prone to problems when faced with disaster situations, including diseases such as Covid-19 pandemic. The objectivity of this article is to highlight food security in relation to the availability of access to food sources so that it can meet basic or primary needs in Indonesia. An in-depth literature study with an epistemological positivism approach is needed to answer the problems that make the food crisis the main focus. To ensure food security in Indonesia, the government has prepared various strategies in three important agendas (emergency, temporary, and permanent) to monitor the stability of prices for basic necessities so that they do not skyrocket, increase national food production based on smallholder agriculture, and support small farmers. To achieve this, the Indonesian government has reallocated a larger budget to allocate it to seed assistance, labor-intensive programs, stabilization of food stocks and prices, paying attention to food distribution, and transportation. The implications are expected to make a significant contribution to other countries in anticipation of the food security crisis due to the impact of COVID-19.

Full Text:



Adcroft, A., & Willis, R. (2008). A snapshot of strategy research 2002-2006. Journal of Management History, 14(4), 313-333.

Aji, J.M. (2020). Linking Supply Chain Management and Food Security: A Concept of Building Sustainable Competitive Advantage of Agribusiness in Developing Economies. E3S Web of Conferences, 142, 06005.

Alika, R. (June 5, 2020). Kementan Siapkan Strategi Ketahanan Pangan Saat Normal Baru. Berita. Retrieved from

Amalia, S., Lestari, D., & Nurjanana, N. (2020). Changes in household consumption during the COVID-19 pandemic: An empirical from Samarinda City, Indonesia. International Journal of Psychosocial Rehabilitation, 24(3), 5603-5614.

Anderson, M.D., & Cook, J.T. (1999). Community food security: Practice in need of theory?.Agriculture and Human Values, 16(2), 141-150.

Andri, K.B. (April 30, 2020). Strategi Pertanian Menghadapi Pandemi Covid-19 (In English: Agricultural Strategy to Face the Covid-19 Pandemic). Media Indonesia.

Aramyan, L., Ondersteijn, C., Kooten, O., & Lansink, A.O. (2006). Performance indicators in Agri-food production chains. In Ondersteijn, C.J.M, Wijnands, J.H.M,, Huirne, R.B.M., & Kooten, O (eds.), Quantifying the agri-food supply chain (pp.47–64). Wageningen, DE: Springer.

Araújo, F.R., & Calazans, D.L. (2020). Management of food security actions during the COVID-19 pandemic. Revista de Administração Pública [Journal of Public Administration], 54(4), 1123-1133.

Barling, D. (2007). Food supply chain governance and public health externalities: upstream policy interventions and the UK state. Journal of Agricultural and Environmental Ethics, 20(3), 285-300.

Basundoro, A.F., & Sulaeman, F.H. (2020). Reviewing the development of the food estate project as a National resilience strategy in COVID-19 pandemic era. Jurnal Kajian Lemhannas RI, 8(2), 28-42. Retrieved from

BPS-Statistics Indonesia. (2008). Pengeluaran untuk konsumsi penduduk Indonesia berdasarkan hasil Susenas Panel Maret 2008 [Expenditures for consumption of the Indonesian population are based on the results of the March 2008 Susenas Panel]. BPS, Jakarta.

Burke, M.J., & Stephens, J.C. (2018). Political power and renewable energy futures: A critical review. Energy Research & Social Science, 35, 78-93.

Buttel, F.H. (2000). Ending Hunger in Developing Countries. Contemporary Sociology, 29(1), 13-27.

Darma, D.C., Ilmi, Z., Darma, S., & Syaharuddin, Y. (2020). COVID-19 and its Impact on Education: Challenges from Industry 4.0. Aquademia, 4(2), ep20025.

Darma, S., Wijaya, A., & Darma, D. C. (2020). Different Tests for the Existence of Agricultural Cooperatives in Indonesia: Before and After COVID-19. Asia Life Sciences, 10(3), 615-628. Retrieved from

Databoks. (November 2, 2018). Di ASEAN, Ketahanan Pangan Indonesia Di Bawah Vietnam [In ASEAN, Indonesia's Food Security Is Under Vietnam]. Agro Industri.

FAO - Food and Agriculture Organization. (October 8, 2020). September marked the fourth consecutive monthly increase in the FAO Food Price Index. World Food Situation. Retrieved from

Fulginiti, L.E. (2002). Agriculture and Economic Growth: Theory and Measurement. Agricultural Economics, 27(1), 90-92.

Harper, C., & Snowden, M. (2017). Environment and Society: Human Perspectives on Environmental Issues, 6th Edition, New York, NY: Routledge.

Ilmi, Z., Darma, D.C., & Azis, M. (2020). Independence in Learning, Education Management, and Industry 4.0: Habitat Indonesia during COVID-19. Journal of Anthropology of Sport and Physical Education, 4(4), 63-66.

Johnston, B. F., & Mellor, J. W. (1961). The Role of Agriculture in Economic Development. The American Economic Review, 51(4), 566-593.

Kivunja, C., & Kuyini, A.B. (2017). Understanding and Applying Research Paradigms in Educational Contexts. International Journal of Higher Education, 6(5), 26-41.

Maxwell, S. (1996). Food security: a post-modern perspective. Food Policy, 21(2), 155–170. 10.1016/0306-9192(95)00074-7

McKay, B., & Colque, G. (2016). Bolivia’s Soy Complex: The Development of ‘Productive Exclusion’. Journal of Peasant Studies, 43(2), 583–610.

Mentzer, J.T., DeWitt, W., Keebler, J.S., Min, S., Nix, N.W., Smith, C.D., & Zacharia, Z.G. (2001). Defining supply chain management. Journal of Business Logistics, 22(2), 1-25. DOI: 10.1002/j.2158-1592.2001.tb00001.x

Ministry of Agriculture of the Republic of Indonesia. (June 12, 2020). GerakanKetahananPanganpada Masa Pandemi Covid-19. Regulasi & Program. Retrieved from

Mutea, E., Rist, S., & Jacobi, J. (2020). Applying the Theory of Access to Food Security among Smallholder Family Farmers around North-West Mount Kenya. Sustainability, 12(5), 1751.

Niles, M.T., Bertmann, F., Belarmino, E.H., Wentworth, T., Biehl, E., & Neff, R. (2020). The Early Food Insecurity Impacts of COVID-19. Nutrients, 12(7), 2096.

Omer, S.A., & Hassen, N.A. (2020). The Impacts of COVID-19 Pandemic Diseases on Ethiopian Agriculture: Food Systems, Industries, also Mitigation and Adaptation Strategy. Jurnal Ilmiah Pertanian, 17(1), 60-84.

Paloviita, A. (2017). Food Security Is None of Your Business? Food Supply Chain Management in Support of a Sustainable Food System. Operations and Supply Chain Management, 10(2), 100-108. DOI: 10.31387/oscm0270183

Qingjuan, L., & Huiqiu, Z. (2012). The Food Security Research Based on Supply Chain Perspective in Northeast Three PROVINCES. International Proceedings of Economics Development and Research, 49(2), 5-10.

Rao, J.M. (1986). Agriculture in recent development theory. Journal of Development Economics, 22(1), 41-86.

Rezitis, A.N., Ntinou, A.G., & Pachis, D.N. (2015). Investigating the international prices of wheat and rice. Agricultural and Food Economics, 3(16), 1-17.

Ribot, J.C., & Peluso, N.L. (2003). A Theory of Access. Rural Sociology, 68(2), 153–181.

Roy, J., Kuncoro, M., & Darma, D. C. (2019). Study of the Economic Impact of Village Forests on the Income of Merabu Farmers (Berau Regency, East Kalimantan Province). Iqtishoduna, 15(2), 197-216.

Satria, A. (June 10, 2020). Strategi Ketahanan Pangan di Era New Normal Pandemi Covid 19 [Food Security Strategy in the New Normal Era of the COVID-19 Pandemic]. SB-IPB. Retrieved from

Scanlan, S.J. (2003). Food Security and Comparative Sociology. International Journal of Sociology, 33(3), 88–111.

Sjah, T., & Zainuri, Z. (2020). Agricultural Supply Chain and Food Security. In Leal Filho, W., Azul, A., Brandli, L., Özuyar, P., & Wall, T. (eds.), Zero Hunger. Encyclopedia of the UN Sustainable Development Goals. Cham, UK: Springer.

Smith, M., Pointing, J., & Maxwell, S. (1992). Household food security, concepts and definitions: An annotated bibliography, Development Bibliography No. 8. Institute of Development Studies, University of Sussex, Brighton.

Smith, P.J. (1995). Monitoring and evaluation of agricultural development projects: Definitions and methodology. Agricultural Administration, 18(2), 107-120.

Ssennoga, F., Mugurusi, G., & Oluka, P.N. (2019). Food insecurity as a supply chain problem: Evidence and lessons from the production and supply of bananas in Uganda. Scientific African, 3, e00076.

Udemezue, J.C., & Osegbue, E.G. (2018). Theories and Models of Agricultural Development. Annals of Reviews and Research, 1(5), 555574. Retrieved from

von Braun, J.H., Bouis, S.K., & Pandya-Lorch, R. (1992). Improving Food Security of the Poor: Concept, Policy, and Programs. International Food Policy Research Institute, Washington, DC.

WHO - World Health Organization. (Ocotober 13, 2020). Coronavirus disease (COVID-19) advice for the public. Global. Retrieved from

Wijaya, A., Darma, S., & Darma, D. C. (2020a). Spatial Interaction Between Regions: Study of the East Kalimantan Province, Indonesia. International Journal of Sustainable Development and Planning, 15(6), 937-950.

Wijaya, A., Zainurossalamia, S., & Darma, D. C. (2020b). Life-Cycle Hypothesis for Consumption Pattern: Example from Indonesia. International Journal of Advanced Science and Technology, 29(4), 4712–4720. Retrieved from

Workie, E., Mackolil, J., Nyika, J., & Ramadas, S. (2020). Deciphering the impact of COVID-19 pandemic on food security, agriculture, and livelihoods: A review of the evidence from developing countries. Current Research in Environmental Sustainability, 2, 100014.

Yaro, J.A. (2003). Theorizing food insecurity: building a livelihood vulnerability framework for researching food insecurity. Norwegian Journal of Geography, 58(1), 23-37. 10.1080/00291950410004375

Yorgason, V.W. (2008). Theories of agriculture in economic development. Canadian Journal of Agricultural Economics, 20(2), 105-112.

Zhong, R., Xu, X., & Wang, L. (2017). Food supply chain management: systems, implementations, and future research. Industrial Management & Data Systems, 117(9), 2085-2114.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 Management Dynamics in the Knowledge Economy

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.

© Faculty of Management (SNSPA)

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under CC BY-NC

The opinions expressed in the papers published are the authors’ own and do not necessarily express the views of the editors of this journal. The authors assume all responsibility for the ideas expressed in the materials published.

ISSN 2392-8042 (online)